Parts of The Cello

Scroll:  The scroll is the decorative end of the cello that doesn’t really serve a functional purpose other than aesthetics.  The scroll area is usually hand carved, and it can be fashioned into some very ornate designs.
Pegs:  There are 4 pegs which are contained in the peg box.  They are turned backwards and forwards to adjust the pitch of the strings.
Peg box:  The peg box is where you will find all of the pegs.  There are 4 holes (2 on each side) that are drilled into the peg box to insert the pegs.
Fingerboard:  The fingerboard is usually made of ebony wood.  It extends from the end of the peg box to a few inches shy of the bridge.  Different note pitches are created by pressing the strings down at different locations on the fingerboard.
Neck:  The neck is the part of the cello that extends from the peg box to the upper bout.  The left hand thumb will gently glide up and down the neck during position shifts.
Upper Bout:  The upper bout is the top curved portion of the cello body that starts where the neck ends.  It’s curved downwards and outwards on both the left and right halves of the instrument.  

C Bout:  There are 2 C bouts on the cello.  They curve inward towards the center of the cello and are shaped like the letter C.

F Hole:  The cello has 2 F holes carved into the top panel of the cello.  They are shaped like the letter F and allow the sound trapped inside the instrument to be projected outwards.
Bridge:  The bridge is made of wood and elevates the strings from the fingerboard.  It has two feet that are held against the top of the instrument by the tension from the tightened strings. 

Fine Tuners:  The fine tuners are embedded in the tailpiece.  They are tightened to raise the pitch of the string and loosened to lower the pitch of the string.  

Tailpiece:  The tailpiece is where the ends of the strings are secured and attached to the fine tuners.  The tailpiece is fastened to the bottom of the instrument using the tailcord. 

End pin:  The end pin adjusts the height of the cello.  It can be lengthened or shortened for the comfort of the musician.

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