Parts of The Bow

All of the instruments in the violin family use a bow to create the arco sound when its bow hairs are pulled across the strings.  
Parts of The Bow
The major parts of the bow are labelled in the illustration above.
Tip:  The tip is pointed and located at the opposite end of the bow from the frog.  It holds the bow hairs in place at that end of the stick and is lighter than the frog.
Stick:  The stick of the bow is usually made from a hardwood.  It can also be made from carbon fiber or fiberglass.  Most beginner student bows are made from fiberglass since it’s a cheaper material and more durable.  The stick curves towards the bow hairs and should still remain slightly curved when the hairs are tightened.
Winding:  The winding area usually consists of a layer of thumb leather for comfort over the silver winding.  The winding is there to preserve the bow stick from excessive wear and tear that can naturally occur after hundreds if not thousands of practice hours.
Adjusting Screw:  The adjusting screw is at the very end of the bow stick and is used to tighten or loosen the bow hairs.
Bow Hair:  The bow hair is the part of the bow that is pulled across the strings to make sound.  They are usually made of horse hair.  Synthetic hair can also be used.
Ferrule:  The ferrule is the metal piece at the frog of the bow that holds the bow hairs securely in place at that end.
Frog:  The frog is where the bow is held for playing.  It houses the tension adjusting mechanism for the bow hair and is where the ferrule is attached.  When you pick up a bow, you will notice that the frog is heavier than the tip.

You may also find these links helpful:
Parts of The Cello
Music Terms & Symbols For Cellists
How To Pick The Right Size Cello
Handling Your Performance Anxiety
Practice Tips For Intermediate/Advanced Music


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